/*
SONET problem in Comet.
Translation of the ESSENCE' model in the Minion Translator examples:
http://www.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~andrea/examples/sonet/sonet_problem.eprime
"""
The SONET problem is a network design problem: set up a network between
n nodes, where only certain nodes require a connection.
Nodes are connected by putting them on a ring, where all nodes
on a ring can communicate. Putting a node on a ring requires a so-called
ADM, and each ring has a capacity of nodes, i.e. ADMs. There is a certain
amount of rings, r, that is available. The objective is to set up a network
by using a minimal amount of ADMs.
About the problem model
The problem model has the amount of rings ('r'), amount of nodes('n'),
the 'demand' (which nodes require communication) and node-capacity of each
ring ('capacity_nodes') as parameters.
The assignement of nodes to rings is modelled by a 2-dimensional matrix 'rings',
indexed by the amnount of rings and nodes. The matrix-domain is boolean:
If the node in column j is assigned to the ring in row i, then rings[i,j] = 1
and 0 otherwise. So all the '1's in the matrix 'rings' stand for an ADM.
Hence the objective is to minimise the sum over all columns and rows of matrix
'rings'.
"""
Compare with the MiniZinc model http://www.hakank.org/minizinc/sonet_problem.mzn
This Comet model was created by Hakan Kjellerstrand (hakank@bonetmail.com)
Also, see my Comet page: http://www.hakank.org/comet
*/
import cotfd;
int t0 = System.getCPUTime();
int r = 4; // upper bound for amount of rings
int n = 5; // amount of clients
// original comment:
// """
// we have double entries here because of the symmetric structure!
// """
int demand[1..n, 1..n] =
[
[0,1,0,1,0],
[1,0,1,0,0],
[0,1,0,0,1],
[1,0,0,0,0],
[0,0,1,0,0]
]
;
int capacity_nodes[1..r] = [3,2,2,1];
Solver m();
var{int} rings[1..r, 1..n](m, 0..1);
var{int} z(m,0..sum(i in 1..r) capacity_nodes[i]);
Integer num_solutions(0);
// explore {
// exploreall {
minimize z subject to {
m.post(z == sum(ring in 1..r, client in 1..n) rings[ring, client]);
// m.post(z <= 7); // for exploreall
// original comment:
// """
// capacity of each ring must not be exceeded
// """
forall(ring in 1..r)
m.post(sum(client in 1..n)
(rings[ring, client]) <= capacity_nodes[ring] );
// original comment:
// """
// if there is a demand between 2 nodes, then there has to exist
// a ring, on which they are both installed
// """
forall(client1 in 1..n,client2 in 1..n : client1 < client2)
if(demand[client1,client2] == 1) {
// tryall(ring in 1..r)
// var{int} ring(m, 1..r); // another solution, but slower
// m.post(rings[ring,client1] + rings[ring, client2] >= 2);
// This was suggested by Pierre Schaus instead of the tryall thing.
m.post(or(ring in 1..r) (rings[ring,client1] + rings[ring, client2] >= 2));
}
} using {
label(m);
num_solutions := num_solutions + 1;
cout << "z: " << z << endl;
forall(i in 1..r) {
forall(j in 1..n) {
cout << rings[i,j] << " ";
}
cout << endl;
}
cout << endl;
}
cout << "\nnum_solutions: " << num_solutions << endl;
int t1 = System.getCPUTime();
cout << "time: " << (t1-t0) << endl;
cout << "#choices = " << m.getNChoice() << endl;
cout << "#fail = " << m.getNFail() << endl;
cout << "#propag = " << m.getNPropag() << endl;